The Republic of Angola is a southwestern, coastal African nation. It is bordered by Namibia, Zambia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Republic of the Congo. Angola gained its independence from Portugal on 11 November 1975. Since its independence, Angola has endured civil war paired with numerous corrupt elections. The Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) government has been holding power since 1979. The current president of Angola's republic is Jose Eduardo Dos Santos. Roughly 19 million people live in Angola, with about 59% living in urban areas. Angola is rich is natural resources, including oil and diamonds, and as a result its economy is one of the fastest growing in the world. However, the impoverished population has yet to see the benefits of increased prosperity, and the country is still in a state of reconstruction after decades of civil war.