Australia is located in the South Eastern hemisphere of the world and is closest to New Zealand, Papua New Guinea and Indonesia. It is specifically located on the continent Oceania which is between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean. Australia is the sixth largest country in the world. The government type is a parliamentary democracy and has ties to the British Commonwealth. Australian independence from being a UK Colony to a nation is 1 January 1901. There are three branches of Australian government, executive, judicial and legislative. The Chief of State is Queen Elizabeth II but the government is run by Prime Minister Scott Morrison since August 2018.

General Information
Official Name:
Commonwealth of Australia
Geographic Region:
Australia & New Zealand
Geographic Size (km sq):
Year of UN Membership:
Year of Present State Formation:
Online Profiles
Key Statistics & Indicators
Gross Domestic Product (GDP, Nominal):
$1,435.830 Billion
Per Capita Income (PPP Adjusted):
$44,346 (CID)
GDP Growth:
2.50 (%)
Human Development Index (HDI):
Gini Index (Income Inequality):
Economic Grouping:
Developed Country
International Relations
UN Voting Blocs & Caucuses:
Western European and Others Group (WEOG)
Major International & Regional Organizations:
ADB: Asian Development Bank
ANZUS: Australia, NZ, US Security Treaty
APEC: Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
ARF: ASEAN Regional Forum
ASEAN: Association of Southeast Asian Nations
Australia Group
BIS: Bank for International Settlements
Commonwealth of Nations (British)
CD: Community of Democracies
CP: Colombo Plan
EAS: East Asia Summit
EBRD: European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
EITI: Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative
FATF: Financial Action Task Force
ICC: International Chamber of Commerce
ICRM: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
IEA: International Energy Agency
IFRCS: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
IHO: International Hydrographic Organization
IMSO: International Mobile Satellite Organization
Interpol: International Criminal Police Organization
IOC: International Olympic Committee
IOM: International Organization for Migration
IPU: Inter-Parliamentary Union
ISO: International Organization for Standardization
ITSO: International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
ITUC: International Trade Union Confederation
NEA: Nuclear Energy Agency
NSG: Nuclear Suppliers Group, aka London Group
OECD: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
OSCE: Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
Pacific Alliance
Paris Club
PCA: Permanent Court of Arbitration
PIF: Pacific Islands Forum
SAARC: South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
SICA: Central American Integration System
Sparteca: South Pacific Regional Trade and Economic Cooperation Agreement
SPC: Secretariat of the Pacific Communities
WCO: World Customs Organization
WFTU: World Federation of Trade Unions
ZC: Zangger Committee
UN Specialized Agencies & Organizations:
CD: Conference on Disarmament
CTBTO: Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency
IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organization
ICSID: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes
IDA: International Development Association
IFC: International Finance Corporation
ILO: International Labor Organization
IMF: International Monetary Fund
ITU: International Telecommunications Union
MIGA: Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
OPCW: Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNIDO: United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UNWTO: United Nations World Tourism Organization
UPU: Universal Postal Union
WBG: World Bank Group
WHO: World Health Organization
WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization
WMO: World Meteorological Organization
WTO: World Trade Organization
Current UN Peacekeeping Missions:
UNMISS: UN Mission in the Republic of South Sudan
Bilateral Relations
United Nations Data
Government Sources
UN Mission
150 East 42nd Street, 33rd Floor
New York, NY 10017-5612
(212) 351-6600
(212) 351-6610
Nearest Transit Stop:
Grand Central 42nd Street

View Another Country