Colombia is officially known as the Republic of Colombia, and is located in Northern South America. It borders the Caribbean Sea between Panama and Venezuela, and borders the North Pacific Ocean between Ecuador and Panama. Colombia emerged as an independent country following the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830. With a population of 46,245,297, it is the 30th most populated country in the world. 90% of the population is Roman Catholic, while 10% identify as other. Colombia has a Republican government, and the executive branch dominates this structure.