Estonia, properly known as the Republic of Estonia, is a country that is located in the Baltic Region of North Europe. It is bordered by the Gulf of Finland in the North, the Baltic Sea in the West, Latvia in the South, and Russia in the East. It also shares a portion of its border in the East with Lake Peipus. Estonia’s political structure is that of a Parliamentary Republic meaning the executive branch receives its power and its legitimacy from the legislature. The country has a population of, roughly, 1,257,900 people, and an area of 45,228 square kilometers. Estonia first gained its independence in 1918 when it was liberated from Soviet Russia after winning the Estonian War of Independence. However, twenty-two years later it was taken over by the Soviet Union. Estonia gained official independence from the Soviet Union on September 6, 1991; as recognized by the Soviet Union.

General Information
Official Name: 
Republic of Estonia, Eesti Vabariik
Geographic Region: 
Northern Europe
Geographic Size (km sq): 
Year of UN Membership: 
Year of Present State Formation: 
Online Profiles
Key Statistics & Indicators
Gross Domestic Product (GDP, Nominal): 
$26.898 Billion
Per Capita Income (PPP Adjusted): 
$23,213 (CID)
GDP Growth: 
1.50 (%)
Human Development Index (HDI): 
Gini Index (Income Inequality): 
Economic Grouping: 
Developed Country
International Relations
UN Voting Blocs & Caucuses: 
Eastern European Group
European Community
Nordic Group
Major International & Regional Organizations: 
Australia Group
BA: Baltic Assembly
BIS: Bank for International Settlements
CBSS: Council of the Baltic Sea States
CD: Community of Democracies
CoEu: Council of Europe
EAPC: Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council
EBRD: European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ECB: European Central Bank
EIB: European Investment Bank
EMU: European Monetary Union
ESA: European Space Agency
EU: European Union
ICC: International Chamber of Commerce
ICRM: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
IEA: International Energy Agency
IFRCS: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
IHO: International Hydrographic Organization
Interpol: International Criminal Police Organization
IOC: International Olympic Committee
IOM: International Organization for Migration
IPU: Inter-Parliamentary Union
ISO: International Organization for Standardization
ITSO: International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
ITUC: International Trade Union Confederation
NATO: North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NIB: Nordic Investment Bank
NSG: Nuclear Suppliers Group, aka London Group
OAS: Organization of American States
OECD: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
OIF: Organisation internationale de la Francophonie
OSCE: Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
PCA: Permanent Court of Arbitration
Schengen Convention
WCO: World Customs Organization
UN Specialized Agencies & Organizations: 
CD: Conference on Disarmament
CTBTO: Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency
IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organization
ICSID: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes
IDA: International Development Association
IFAD: International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFC: International Finance Corporation
ILO: International Labor Organization
IMF: International Monetary Fund
IMO: International Maritime Organization
ITU: International Telecommunications Union
MIGA: Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
OPCW: Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UPU: Universal Postal Union
WBG: World Bank Group
WHO: World Health Organization
WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization
WMO: World Meteorological Organization
WTO: World Trade Organization
Current UN Peacekeeping Missions: 
MINUSMA: Multidimensional Integrated Stabilisation Mission in Mali
Bilateral Relations
United Nations Data
Government Sources
UN Mission
3 Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, 305 East 47th Street, 6th Floor
New York, NY 10017
(212) 883-0640
(212) 883-0648

View Another Country