Officially recognized as the Republic of the Gambia, Gambia is a small country, with an area of 10,689 square kilometers, on Africa’s west coast. Its predominantly, Muslim population is distinguished by the diversity of indigenous tribes in the region including the Mandinka, Fula, Wolof, Jola and Serahuli tribes.
Since gaining independence from Great Britain on February 18, 1965, the nation’s leaders have strove to establish Gambia as a stable state and promote economic development. Although the republic was shaken by a military coup in 1994, the strength of the state withheld. After the creation of a new constitution in 1996, the republic has established a political system defined by three branches, and a mixed legal system of common and Islamic law. Attempts to achieve contestation and inclusion in the government have been relatively successful. However, Gambia still must face the challenges of widespread poverty, illiteracy and poor health care. While facing a major debt burden, Gambia’s economy lies dependent upon the agricultural sector. Yet, less than half of the arable land in Gambia is cultivated and production is often inefficient. Additionally, high levels of unemployment manifest the destitution of the population, a third of which falls below the international poverty line. Gambia is also affected by the occurrence of smuggling, trafficking and various conflicts amongst nations along Africa’s west coast. Almost completely surround by Senegal, tensions even still persist between the two nations that once formed Senegambia. Still, there is hope that with leadership and the maintenance of relationships with international organizations, conditions in Gambia will continue to improve.

General Information
Official Name: 
Republic of the Gambia
English, various indigenous languages including Mandinka, Wolof and Fula
Geographic Region: 
Western Africa
Geographic Size (km sq): 
Year of UN Membership: 
Year of Present State Formation: 
Online Profiles
Key Statistics & Indicators
Gross Domestic Product (GDP, Nominal): 
$0.918 Billion
Per Capita Income (PPP Adjusted): 
$2,081 (CID)
GDP Growth: 
6.30 (%)
Human Development Index (HDI): 
Gini Index (Income Inequality): 
Economic Grouping: 
Developing Country
Least Developed Country
International Relations
UN Voting Blocs & Caucuses: 
Group of 77 (G-77)
Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
African Group
Islamic Group
Major International & Regional Organizations: 
ACP: African, Caribbean, and Pacific Group of States
AfDB: African Development Bank
AU: African Union
ECOWAS: Economic Community of West African States
ICRM: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
IDB: Islamic Development Bank
IFRCS: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
Interpol: International Criminal Police Organization
IOC: International Olympic Committee
IOM: International Organization for Migration
IPU: Inter-Parliamentary Union
ISO: International Organization for Standardization
ITSO: International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
ITUC: International Trade Union Confederation
OIC: Organization of Islamic Cooperation
WCO: World Customs Organization
WFTU: World Federation of Trade Unions
UN Specialized Agencies & Organizations: 
CTBTO: Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organization
ICSID: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes
IDA: International Development Association
IFAD: International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFC: International Finance Corporation
ILO: International Labor Organization
IMF: International Monetary Fund
IMO: International Maritime Organization
ITU: International Telecommunications Union
MIGA: Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
OPCW: Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNIDO: United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UNWTO: United Nations World Tourism Organization
UPU: Universal Postal Union
WBG: World Bank Group
WHO: World Health Organization
WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization
WMO: World Meteorological Organization
WTO: World Trade Organization
Current UN Peacekeeping Missions: 
MINUSMA: Multidimensional Integrated Stabilisation Mission in Mali
UNMIL: United Nations Mission in Liberia
UNOCI: United Nations Operation in Côte d'Ivoire
Bilateral Relations
United Nations Data
Government Sources
UN Mission
800 Second Avenue, Suite 400F
New York, NY 10017
(212) 949-6640
(212) 856-9820

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