Iraq (officially the Republic of Iraq) is a Middle Eastern nation bordered by the Persian Gulf as well as Iran, Jordan, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Syria, and Turkey. The population is approximately 32.5 million, and the nation is 438,317 km, around three times the size of the state of New York. It is the 40th most populous and 59th largest nation in the world. Iraq is a parliamentary democracy that gained independence in 1932. The official religion of the nation is Islam.